[Crm-sig] NEW ISSUE: Scope note of P139

Martin Doerr martin at ics.forth.gr
Sun Oct 3 21:36:54 EEST 2021


Dear All,

Whereas the question of asymmetry has been reformulated for P130, the 
respective corrections have not been carried out for P139:


*P130 shows features of (features are also found on)*

Domain:

E70 <#_toc8408> Thing

Range:

E70 <#_toc8408> Thing

Superproperty of:

E33 <#_toc7918> Linguistic Object. P73 <#_toc10036>i is translation of: 
E33 <#_toc7918> Linguistic Object

E18 <#_toc7650> Physical Thing. P128 <#_toc10784> carries (is carried 
by): E90 <#_toc8683> Symbolic Object

Quantification:

many to many (0,n:0,n)

Scope note:

This property generalises the notions of "copy of" and "similar to" into 
*a directed relationship*, where the domain expresses the derivative or 
influenced item and the range the source or influencing item, i*f such a 
direction can be established*. The property can also be used to express 
similarity in cases that can be stated between two objects only, without 
historical knowledge about its reasons. The property expresses *a 
symmetric relationship* in case no direction of influence can be 
established either from evidence on the item itself or from historical 
knowledge. This holds in particular for siblings of a derivation process 
from a common source or non-causal cultural parallels, such as some 
weaving patterns.

*BUT!*


**

P139 has alternative form

Domain:

E41 <#_toc8039> Appellation

Range:

E41 <#_toc8039>Appellation

Quantification:

many to many (0,n:0,n)

Scope note:

This property associates an instance of E41 Appellation with another 
instance of E41 Appellation that constitutes a derivative or variant of 
the former and that may also be used for identifying items identified by 
the former, in suitable contexts, independent from the particular item 
to be identified. This property should not be confused with additional 
variants of names used characteristically for a single, particular item, 
such as individual nicknames. It is *an asymmetric relationship*, where 
the range expresses the derivative, *if such a direction can be 
established*. Otherwise, the*relationship is symmetric*. The 
relationship is not transitive.

AND:

P139(x,y) ⇒P139(y,x)  ...which is normally wrong

¬P139(x,x)   which is not in the scope note.

To be checked, if this had been resolved but editing forgotten!

Best,

Martin


-- 
------------------------------------
  Dr. Martin Doerr
               
  Honorary Head of the
  Center for Cultural Informatics
  
  Information Systems Laboratory
  Institute of Computer Science
  Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH)
                   
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  GR70013 Heraklion,Crete,Greece
  
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  Email: martin at ics.forth.gr
  Web-site: http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl

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