[Crm-sig] 511 e-vote

Athanasios Velios thanasis at softicon.co.uk
Fri Mar 19 12:37:18 EET 2021


Dear all,

At the last session of the last CRM SIG meeting we discussed issue 511 
and voted to accept the reduction of the range of property P39 measured 
from E1 CRM Entity to E18 Physical Thing. Homework was assigned to check 
how scope notes and related properties are affected, recommend changes 
and call an e-vote for those. I am listing the required changes below. 
With regards to those changes, the possible votes are:

  * Yes = accept/agree
  * No = do not accept/agree
  * Other = With other you can either introduce a caveat (e.g.: 'Yes,
    but there is a typo on word x, fix it.') or you can write VETO, if
    you wish to stop the proposed change from happening, in which case
    you should also write a justification and reformulate the issue
    (e.g.: 'VETO, this change is unacceptable because it violates the
    following principle...')

*
*

*1. E16 Measurement*


Changed to clarify that E16 Measurement requires observation, including 
an update to an example and the removal of two examples.


*From:*

Subclass of:

E13 <#_toc7577> Attribute Assignment

Scope note:

This class comprises actions measuring quantitative physical properties 
and other values that can be determined by a systematic, objective 
procedure of direct observation of particular states of physical 
reality. Properties of instances of E90 Symbolic Object may be measured 
by observing some of their representative carriers which may or may not 
be named explicitly. In the case that the carrier can be named, the 
property P16 used specific object (was used for): should be used to 
indicate the instance(s) of E18 Physical Thing that was used as the 
empirical basis for the measurement activity.

Examples include measuring the nominal monetary value of a collection of 
coins or the running time of a movie on a specific video cassette.

The E16 Measurement may use simple counting or tools, such as yardsticks 
or radiation detection devices. The interest is in the method and care 
applied, so that the reliability of the result may be judged at a later 
stage, or research continued on the associated documents. The date of 
the event is important for dimensions, which may change value over time, 
such as the length of an object subject to shrinkage. Methods and 
devices employed should be associated with instances of E16 Measurement 
by properties such as P33 used specific technique: E29 Design or 
Procedure, P125 used object of type: E55 Type, P16 used specific object 
(was used for): E70 Thing, whereas basic techniques such as "carbon 14 
dating" should be encoded using P2 has type (is type of): E55 Type. 
Details of methods and devices reused or reusable in other instances of 
E16 Measurement should be documented for these entities rather than the 
measurements themselves, whereas details of particular execution may be 
documented by free text or by instantiating adequate sub-activities, if 
the detail may be of interest for an overarching query.

Regardless whether a measurement is made by an instrument or by human 
senses, it represents the initial transition from physical reality to 
information without any other documented information object in between 
within the reasoning chain that would represent the result of the 
interaction of the observer or device with reality. Therefore, inferring 
properties of depicted items using image material, such as satellite 
images, is not regarded as an instance of E16 Measurement, but as a 
subsequent instance of E13 Attribute Assignment. Rather, only the 
production of the images, understood as arrays of radiation intensities, 
is regarded as an instance of E16 Measurement. The same reasoning holds 
for other sensor data.

Examples:

  * measurement of height of silver cup 232 on the 31st August 1997
    (fictitious)
  * the carbon 14 dating of the “Schoeninger Speer II” in 1996 [an about
    400.000 year old complete Old Palaeolithic wooden spear found in
    Schoeningen, Niedersachsen, Germany in 1995] (Kouwenhoven, 1997)
  * The pixel size of the jpeg version of Titian’s painting Bacchus and
    Ariadne from 1520–3, as freely downloadable from the National
    Gallery in London’s web page
    <https://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/titian-bacchus-and-ariadne>
    is 581600 pixels.
  * The scope note of E21 Person in the Definition of the CIDOC
    Conceptual Reference Model Version 5.0.4 as downloaded from
    <http://www.cidoc-crm.org/sites/default/files/cidoc_crm_version_5.0.4.pdf>
    consists of 77 words.


In First Order Logic:

E16(x) ⇒ E13(x)

Properties:

P39 <#_toc9568> measured (was measured by): E1 <#_toc7281> CRM Entity

P40 <#_toc9585> observed dimension (was observed in): E54 <#_toc8144> 
Dimension


*To:*


Subclass of:

E13 <#_toc7577> Attribute Assignment

Scope note:

This class comprises actions measuring quantitative physical properties 
that can be determined by a systematic, objective procedure of direct 
observation of particular states of physical reality.

An instance of E16 Measurement may use simple counting or tools, such as 
yardsticks or radiation detection devices. The interest is in the method 
and care applied, so that the reliability of the result may be judged at 
a later stage, or research continued from the associated documents. The 
date of the event is important for dimensions, which may change value 
over time, such as the length of an object subject to shrinkage. Methods 
and devices employed should be associated with instances of E16 
Measurement by properties such as P33 used specific technique: E29 
Design or Procedure, P125 used object of type: E55 Type, P16 used 
specific object (was used for): E70 Thing, whereas basic techniques such 
as "carbon 14 dating" should be encoded using P2 has type (is type of): 
E55 Type. Details of methods and devices reused or reusable in other 
instances of E16 Measurement should be documented for these entities 
rather than the measurements themselves, whereas details of particular 
execution may be documented by free text or by instantiating adequate 
sub-activities, if the detail may be of interest for an overarching query.

Regardless whether a measurement is made by an instrument or by human 
senses, it represents the initial transition from physical reality to 
information without any other documented information object in the 
reasoning chain that would represent the result of the interaction of 
the observer or device with reality. Therefore, determining properties 
of an instance of E90 Symbolic Object is regarded as an instance of E13 
Attribute Assignment, which may be inferred from observing and measuring 
representative carriers. In the case that the carrier can be named, the 
property P16 used specific object (was used for): should be used to 
indicate the instance(s) of E18 Physical Thing that was used as the 
empirical basis for the attribute assignment. For instance, inferring 
properties of depicted items using image material, such as satellite 
images, is not regarded as an instance of E16 Measurement, but as a 
subsequent instance of E13 Attribute Assignment. Rather, only the 
production of the images, understood as arrays of radiation intensities, 
is regarded as an instance of E16 Measurement. The same reasoning holds 
for other sensor data.

Examples:

  * measurement of height of silver cup 232 on the 31st August 1997
    (fictitious)
  * the carbon 14 dating of the “Schoeninger Speer II” in 1996 [The
    carbon 14 dating of an approximately 400.000 year old complete Old
    Palaeolithic wooden spear found in Schoeningen, Niedersachsen,
    Germany in 1995] (Kouwenhoven, 1997)


In First Order Logic:

E16(x) ⇒ E13(x)

Properties:

P39 <#_toc9568> measured (was measured by): E <#_toc7281>18 Physical Thing

P40 <#_toc9585> observed dimension (was observed in): E54 <#_toc8144> 
Dimension

*
*

*2.**P39 measured (was measured by)*


Changed to reduce the range to E18, update the scope note and the second 
example.


*From:*

*
*

Domain:

E16 <#_toc7618> Measurement

Range:

E1 <#_toc7281> CRM Entity

Subproperty of:

E13 <#_toc7561> Attribute Assignment. P140 <#_toc11015> assigned 
attribute to (was attributed by): E1 <#_toc7281> CRM Entity

Quantification:

many to one, necessary (1,1:0,n)

Scope note:

This property associates an instance of E16 Measurement with the 
instance of E1 CRM Entity to which it applied. An instance of E1 CRM 
Entity may be measured more than once. Material and immaterial things 
and processes may be measured, e.g., the number of words in a text, or 
the duration of an event.

Examples:

  * 31 August 1997 measurement of height of silver cup 232 (E16)
    /measured/ silver cup 232 (E22) (fictitious)


In First Order Logic:

P39(x,y) ⇒ E16(x)

P39(x,y) ⇒ E1(y)

P39(x,y) ⇒ P140(x,y)


*To:*


Domain:

E16 <#_toc7618> Measurement

Range:

E18 <#_toc7281> Physical Thing

Subproperty of:

E13 <#_toc7561> Attribute Assignment. P140 <#_toc11015> assigned 
attribute to (was attributed by): E1 <#_toc7281> CRM Entity

Quantification:

many to one, necessary (1,1:0,n)

Scope note:

This property associates an instance of E16 Measurement with the 
instance of E18 Physical Thing upon which it acted. The instance of E16 
Measurement is specific to the measured object. An instance of E18 
Physical Thing may be measured more than once with different results, 
constituting different instances of E16 Measurement.

Examples:

  * 31 August 1997 measurement of height of silver cup 232 (E16)
    /measured/ silver cup 232 (E22) (fictitious)
  * the carbon 14 dating of the “Schoeninger Speer II” in 1996 (E16)
    /measured/ the “Schoeninger Speer II” (E22) [The carbon 14 dating of
    an approximately 400.000 year old complete Old Palaeolithic wooden
    spear found in Schoeningen, Niedersachsen, Germany in 1995. See also
    E16 Measurement] (Kouwenhoven, 1997)



In First Order Logic:

P39(x,y) ⇒ E16(x)

P39(x,y) ⇒ E18(y)

P39(x,y) ⇒ P140(x,y)



*3.**P140 assigned attribute to (was attributed by)*


Only updated the reference P39 measured as a sub-property of P140.


*From:*


Superproperty of:

E14 <#_toc7586> Condition Assessment. P34 <#_toc9440> concerned (was 
assessed by): E18 <#_toc7650> Physical Thing

E16 <#_toc7618> Measurement. P39 <#_toc9518> measured (was measured by): 
E1 <#_toc7281> CRM Entity

E17 <#_toc7636> Type Assignment. P41 <#_toc9555> classified (was 
classified by): E1 <#_toc7281> CRM Entity


*To:*


Superproperty of:

E14 <#_toc7586> Condition Assessment. P34 <#_toc9440> concerned (was 
assessed by): E18 <#_toc7650> Physical Thing

E16 <#_toc7618> Measurement. P39 <#_toc9518> measured (was measured by): 
E18 Physical Thing

E17 <#_toc7636> Type Assignment. P41 <#_toc9555> classified (was 
classified by): E1 <#_toc7281> CRM Entity



*4. P40 observed dimension (was observed in)*

Added a second example:

  * the carbon 14 dating of the “Schoeninger Speer II” in 1996 (E16)
    /observed dimension/ the carbon 14 based temporal distance from 1996
    to the growth of the wood of the “Schoeninger Speer II” [The carbon
    14 dating of an approximately 400.000 year old complete Old
    Palaeolithic wooden spear found in Schoeningen, Niedersachsen,
    Germany in 1995. See also E16 Measurement] (Kouwenhoven, 1997)


*5. **P43 has dimension (is dimension of)*

*
*

Modified scope note to indicate that the long path through /P39i was 
measured/ by applies to /E18 Physical Thing/ and not /E70 Thing/ (note 
that this change does not affect the domain of P43).


*From:*



Domain:

E70 <#_toc8408> Thing

Range:

E54 <#_toc8128> Dimension

Quantification:

one to many, dependent (0,n:1,1)

Scope note:

This property records a E54 Dimension of some E70 Thing.

This property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E70 
Thing through /P39i was measured by/, E16 Measurement, /P40 observed 
dimension/, to E54 Dimension. It offers no information about how and 
when an E54 Dimension was established, nor by whom.

An instance of E54 Dimension is specific to an instance of E70 Thing.

Examples:

  * silver cup 232 (E22) /has dimension/ height of silver cup 232 (E54)
    /has unit/ (P91) mm (E58), /has value/ (P90) 224 (E60) (fictitious)


In First Order Logic:

P43(x,y) ⇒ E70(x)

P43(x,y) ⇒ E54(y)

P43(x,y) ⇐ (∃z) [E16(z) ˄ P39i(x,z) ˄ P40(z,y)]


*To:*


Domain:

E70 <#_heading=h.4anzqyu> Thing

Range:

E54 <#_heading=h.40ew0vw> Dimension

Quantification:

one to many, dependent (0,n:1,1)

Scope note:

This property records a E54 Dimension of some E70 Thing.

It offers no information about how and when an instance of E54 Dimension 
was established, nor by whom. In the case that the recorded property is 
a result of a measurement of an instance of E18 Physical Thing, this 
property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E18 
Physical Thing through /P39i was measured by/, E16 Measurement, /P40 
observed dimension/, to E54 Dimension. It offers no information about 
how and when an E54 Dimension was established, nor by whom. Knowledge 
about an instance of E54 Dimension need not be result of a measurement; 
it may be the result of evaluating data or other information, which 
should be documented as an instance of E13 Attribute Assignment.

An instance of E54 Dimension is specific to an instance of E70 Thing.

Examples:

  * silver cup 232 (E22) /has dimension/ height of silver cup 232 (E54)
    /has unit/ (P91) mm (E58), /has value/ (P90) 224 (E60) (fictitious)


In First Order Logic:

P43(x,y) ⇒ E70(x)

P43(x,y) ⇒ E54(y)

P43(x,y) ⇐ (∃z) [E16(z) ˄ P39i(x,z) ˄ P40(z,y)]


Please send your e-votes by the 26th of March.


All the best,


Thanasis


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