[Crm-sig] New ISSUE: Scope note and examples of E41 Appellation

Martin Doerr martin at ics.forth.gr
Sat Oct 12 21:30:45 EEST 2019

Dear All,

With the deletion of many subclasses of E41 Appellation here my 
suggestion for adjustment:


      E41 Appellation

Subclass of:E90 <#_E90_Symbolic_Object> Symbolic Object

Superclass of: E35 <#_E35_Title> Title

E42 <#_E42_Object_Identifier>Identifier

Scope note:This class comprises signs, either meaningful or not, or 
arrangements of signs following a specific syntax, that are used or can 
be used to refer to and identify a specific instance of some class or 
category within a certain context.

Instances of E41 Appellation do not identify things by their meaning, 
even if they happen to have one, but instead by convention, tradition, 
or agreement. Instances of E41 Appellation are cultural constructs; as 
such, they have a context, a history, and a use in time and space by 
some group of users. A given instance of E41 Appellation can have 
alternative forms, i.e., other instances of E41 Appellation that are 
always regarded as equivalent independent from the thing it denotes.

Even though instances of E41 Appellation are not words of a language, 
different language groups may use different appellations for the same 
thing, such as the names of major cities. Some appellations may be 
formulated using a valid noun phrase of a particular language. In these 
cases, the respective instances of E41 Appellation should also be 
declared as instances of E33 Linguistic Object/. /Then the language 
group using the appellation can be declared with the property /P72 has 
language: E56 Language/.

Instances of E41 Appellation may be used to identify any instance of E1 
CRM Entity and sometimes are characteristic for instances of more 
specific subclasses E1 CRM Entity, such as for instances of E52 
Time-Span (for instance “dates”), E39 Actor, E53 Place or E28 Conceptual 
Object. Postal addresses and E-mail addresses are characteristic 
examples of identifiers used by services transporting things between 

Even numerically expressed identifiers in continua are also regarded as 
instances of E41 Appellation, such as Gregorian dates or spatial 
coordinates, even though they allow for determining the time or spot or 
are they identify by a known procedure starting from a reference point 
and by virtue of that play a double role as instances of E59 Primitive 

E41 Appellation should not be confused with the act of naming something. 
/Cf./ E15 Identifier Assignment



§"the Forth Bridge"

§"the Merchant of Venice" (E35) (McCullough, 2005)

§"/Spigelia marilandica/ (L.) L." [not the species, just the /name/] 
(Hershberger, Jenkins and Robacker, 2015)

§"information science" [not the science itself, but the name through 
which we refer to it in an English-speaking context]

§“安” [Chinese “an”, meaning “peace”]

§“6°5’29”N 45°12’13”W”

§“Black queen’s bishop 4” [chess coordinate][MD1] <#_msocom_1>




§“19640604”[MD2] <#_msocom_2>

§“+41 22 418 5571”

§weasel at paveprime.com <mailto:weasel at paveprime.com>[MD3] <#_msocom_3>


§“CH-1211, Genève”

§“Aquae Sulis Minerva”



§“the Other Place”

§“the City”[MD4] <#_msocom_4>

§“1-29-3 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 121, Japan”

§“Rue David Dufour 5, CH-1211, Genève”[MD5] <#_msocom_5>

§“the entrance lobby to the Ripley Center”

§“the poop deck of H.M.S Victory”

§“the Venus de Milo’s left buttock”

§“left inner side of my box”

§“the entrance lobby to the Ripley Center”

§“the poop deck of H.M.S Victory”

§“the Venus de Milo’s left buttock”

§“left inner side of my box”[MD6] <#_msocom_6>


In First Order Logic:

E41(x) ⊃E90(x)


[MD1] <#_msoanchor_1>Transfer of examples from deprecated E47

[MD2] <#_msoanchor_2>Transfer of examples from E50 Date

[MD3] <#_msoanchor_3>Transfer of examples from E51 Contact Point

[MD4] <#_msoanchor_4>Transfer of examples from E44 Place Appellation

[MD5] <#_msoanchor_5>Transfer of examples from E54 Address

[MD6] <#_msoanchor_6>Transfer of examples from E46 Section definition

  Dr. Martin Doerr
  Honorary Head of the
  Center for Cultural Informatics
  Information Systems Laboratory
  Institute of Computer Science
  Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH)
  N.Plastira 100, Vassilika Vouton,
  GR70013 Heraklion,Crete,Greece
  Email: martin at ics.forth.gr
  Web-site: http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl

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