[Crm-sig] About being man-made

Martin Doerr martin at ics.forth.gr
Sun Mar 24 19:02:35 EET 2019


Dear All,

I hope for a vivid discussion! Here my humble attempt to redefine what 
is man-made:-[


      E24 Physical Man-Made Thing

Subclass of:E18Physical Thing

E71 Man-Made Thing

Superclass of: E22 Man-Made Object

E25Man-Made Feature

E78Collection

     Scope Note:This class comprises all persistent physical items that 
are purposely created by human activity.

This class comprises man-made objects, such as a swords, and man-made 
features, such as rock art. No assumptions are made as to the extent of 
modification required to justify regarding an object as man-made. For 
example, a “cup and ring” carving on bedrock is regarded as instance of 
E24 Physical Man-Made Thing.

Instances of this class may act as carriers of instances of E73 
Information Object.


*New Scope Note:*This class comprises all persistent physical items that 
are purposely created by human activity. This class comprises, besides 
others, man-made objects, such as a swords, and man-made features, such 
as rock art. For example, a “cup and ring” carving on bedrock is 
regarded as instance of E24 Physical Man-Made Thing.

Typically, physical man-made things do not exhibit similarity with the 
“raw materials” they are produced from. However, enough instances of 
this class may be the result of modifying pre-existing physical things, 
preserving larger parts or most of the original matter and structure, 
which poses the question if they are new or even man-made, in particular 
in natural history collections. Therefore, the respective interventions 
of production made on such original material should be obvious and 
sufficient to regard that the product has a new, distinct identity and 
intended function and is man-made. Substantial continuity of the 
previous matter and structure in the new product can be documented by 
describing the production process also as instance of /E81 Transformation/.

Whereas interventions of conservation and repair are not regarded to 
produce a new man-made thing, the results of preparation of natural 
history specimen that substantially change their natural or original 
state should be regarded as physical man-made things, including the 
uncovering of petrified biological features from a solid piece of stone. 
On the other side, scribbling a museum number on a natural object should 
not regarded to make it man-made. This notwithstanding, parts, segments, 
or features of a physical man-made thing may continue to be non-man-made 
and preserved during the production process, such as the uncovered 
traces of the Archaeopterix in the Natural History Museum of Vienna, 
predating the prepared object.

Instances of this class may act as carriers of instances of E73 
Information Object.



-- 
------------------------------------
  Dr. Martin Doerr
               
  Honorary Head of the
  Center for Cultural Informatics
  
  Information Systems Laboratory
  Institute of Computer Science
  Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH)
                   
  N.Plastira 100, Vassilika Vouton,
  GR70013 Heraklion,Crete,Greece
  
  Vox:+30(2810)391625
  Email: martin at ics.forth.gr
  Web-site: http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl

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