[Crm-sig] ISSUE: Scholarly Reading.

martin martin at ics.forth.gr
Thu Mar 23 20:10:15 EET 2017

Dear All,

I propose to start the discussion about a simplified Inference model for 
the case in which the interpretation of a text as a proposition is not 
questioned, but other things are questioned:

A) assertions of historical truth: We need a text with a questioned 
fact, such as Nero singing in Rome when it was burning. I think Tacitus 
states he was singing in Rome, and another source says he was on the 

B) Shakespeare's "love is not love" : scholarly interpretation = 
translation of sense

C) Questioning provenance or authenticity of texts: In the Merchant of 
Venice, place details are mentioned that only a person who was there 
could have written that. Shakespeare was not allowed to travel abroad.
C1) Or, critical editions: In the first written version of Buddha's 
speaches (Pali Canon), there are identifiable passages that present 
past-Buddha dogmata.

I would start with A), then B), then C)

So, we first want to solve the case that the premise is a proposition, 
which is not believed as such.
Rather, it is believed that the author of the text meant to express this 
proposition. This implies that the premise does not make any sense 
without a provenance assumption, which must be believed.

In A), the provenance of the text from Tacitus is believed. His good 
will to say the truth about Nero not.
In B) The provenance "Shakespeare" back to the respective edition/name 
or pseudonym/place of creation is not questioned.
In C1) The text as being that compiled following the first performance 
is not questioned, but who wrote the text under the name of Shakespeare 
is questioned.
In C2) The provenance of the Pali Canon edition is not questioned, 
neither that its content mainly goes historically back to Buddha, but 
the provenance of a paragraph is questioned.

Therefore, we could Introduce a subclass of I2 Belief i'd call 
"reading", which puts the focus on believing authenticity of a 
comprehensible natural language proposition relative to an explicitly 
stated provenance, but does not mean believing the proposition, nor 
questioning the intended meaning of the text:

J1 used as premise (was premise for) : IXX Reading

IXX Reading  subclass of I2 Belief (or a generalized Belief)

properties of IXX Reading:
    JX1 understanding : Information Object (the cited phrase, 
understanding the words)
    JX2 believing provenance : I4 Proposition Set (This contains the 
link from the cited phrase to the text the phrase is taken from, and all 
provenance data believed. E.g. Shakespeare edition 1648(??) believed, 
authorship by Shakespeare questioned, etc.)
    JX3 reading as : I4 Proposition Set (the translation of the cited 
into triples. If absent, the interpretation of the cited phrase is 
regarded to be obvious)

and J5 defaults to "true" (I believe all "J5 <#_J5_holds_to>holds to be: 
I6 <#_I6_Belief_Value>Belief Value" should default to "True" if absent).

Then, a conclusion could be that the Information Object (cited phrase) 
is not believed. In that case, we would need to generalize I4 to be 
either a Named Graph or an unambiguous text. If we do not, we could use 
JX1, JX3 to introduce the translation of the cited text as formal 
proposition, and then use J5 to say "FALSE": "Nero singing in burning 
Rome 18 to 24 July, 64 AD"

In the case of text sense interpretation, we would need a sort of "has 
translation" construct, if not simply a work about another work (FRBRoo).

The representation of a text in a formal proposition (Nero P14 performed 
E7 Activity P2 has type "singing" ...falls within Destruction....)

In the case of the Buddhist text, we would need in addition the believe 
in the provenance of the post-Buddha dogma, plus the reading, resulting 
in a different provenance for the paragraph.

If we agree on something like that, let us see if we can simplify or 
shortcut anything.




  Dr. Martin Doerr              |  Vox:+30(2810)391625        |
  Research Director             |  Fax:+30(2810)391638        |
                                |  Email:martin at ics.forth.gr  |
                Center for Cultural Informatics               |
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