[Crm-sig] Release of Records in Contexts by EGAD

Mika Nyman mika.nyman at synapse-computing.com
Sun Oct 30 20:12:10 EET 2016

Dear Maria (& Dear All),

Let me provide some background as a partial answer to your question.

The CIDOC CRM SIG has been involved in a co-operative process to 
reformulate and further develop the conceptual model for libraries, 
FRBR, to make it conformant and interoperable with the CIDOC CRM. This 
process has been conducted under the auspices of of IFLA's FRBR Review 
Group. Its Working Group on FRBR/CRM Dialogue, founded 2003, has been 
instrumental in this pursuit. IFLA has had the final say in individual 
decisions along the way, as well as in the outcome of the process. This 
has led to the creation of the FRBRoo model that in addition to the FRBR 
also includes two additional library models, FRAD for authority data and 
FRSAD for subject authority data. The FRBRoo is an Object-Oriented model.

A recent, additional resource is the PRESSoo model for continuing 
resources. PRESSoo is an extension of the CIDOC CRM. An overview of both 
these processes and models can be found in Patrick Le Boeuf's paper "A 
Basic Introduction to FRBRoo and PRESSoo" 

In parallel to contributing to the development of the FRBRoo, the FRBR 
Review Group has developed the FRBR-Library Reference Model 
<http://www.ifla.org/node/10280?og=587> that aims to be a high-level 
conceptual reference model developed within an entity-relationship 
modelling framework. The FRBR-LRM consolidates FRBR, FRAD and FRSAD.

(Others may want to correct me, if I have been imprecise in my 
formulations above.)

All the time, while co-operation to develop the FRBRoo has been 
underway, a natural intuition has been, that a similar process with 
archives would be possible, desirable and even necessary. To promote 
this goal, one of the CIDOC CRM SIG meetings was devoted to this aim in 
Helsinki 2010. The long term aim was to create a common conceptual model 
for Archives, Libraries and Museums. The Helsinki meeting included 
representatives of CIDOC, IFLA and ICA and led to further probing 
contacts with ICA. Attending the Helsinki meeting were also 
representatives of the National Archives Service of Finland. In 2012 
(continuing until 2018) a project called AHAA was started here to create 
a conceptual model for archives in Finland. The work was based on ICA 
standards, but CIDOC CRM was also one of the resources used in this 
work. This work was presented in the ICA Brisbane conference in 2012 
<http://ica2012.ica.org/program/full-papers.html>, see Hupaniittu Outi 
(with Jaana Kilkki and Pekka Henttonen) "Towards the new era of archival 
description". It is my belief that the Finnish contribution was a 
trigger in the establishment of the Expert Group on Archival Description 
in 2012. I may be biased in my judgement here. Naturally parallel 
efforts in other countries had an equally significant impact. 
Representatives from 13 countries has participated in the work of the 
EGAD. The AHAA project with its deliverables (including input from the 
CIDOC CRM) has been one resource the work of the EGAD. The 0.1 version 
of the AHAA conceptual model can be found here in English: 

The Digisam project, where the Swedish National Archives has had a 
leading role, has shown an active interest in CIDOC CRM over the years. 
One example of this is an experiment with CIDOC CRM and archival 

Since its inception, the EGAD has foreseen co-operation with IFLA and 
ICOM (including CIDOC). However, the EGAD decided that during its 
mandate period from 2012-2016 the process would be conducted only within 
the archives community. In practice, the work of the EGAD has been 
shielded from outside view. Now, after the release of the work of the 
EGAD for comments, the situation is completely reversed.

One option to proceed with the co-operation with ICA would be to devote 
a CIDOC CRM SIG meeting in the Fall 2017 to pursue the mapping of CIDOC 
CRM and FRBRoo with the RiC. I would be willing to probe into the 
possibilities of arranging such a meeting in Helsinki with the 
participation of the National Archives Service of Finland and with ICA 
participation. The benefit of arranging the meeting in Helsinki would be 
to ensure the participation and contribution of the National Archives 
Service of Finland in the meeting. The RiC could also be included as an 
item in the agendas of the CIDOC CRM SIG meetings in Berlin in December 
2016 and Heraklion in April 2017. I suggest that the option of arranging 
a meeting in Helsinki is discussed in Berlin and not here on the mailing 

Best regards,


Some additional personal notes: I had an opportunity to participate in 
the initial phases of the AHAA project. As a part of this work I made a 
mapping of the AHAA model, FRBRoo and CIDOC CRM, including a RDFS 
serialisation of the mapping. My own conclusion from the AHAA work was 
that to support the mapping, a metamodel would be useful. Developing 
such a metamodel has been my own focus of interest since the end of the 
preliminary phase of the AHAA project. I have outlined some underlying 
ideas of this metamodel in an essay published in the Iranian Farhang-e 
moze -journal this autumn. I also plan to present the ideas of the 
Farhang article in a meeting of the The Semiotic Society of Finland, 
December 1st. In Finland, a national workshop to provide feedback to the 
RiC model will be conducted December 7th. My aim is to present the 
metamodel there. I also aim to replicate the mapping done in the AHAA 
project, but this time with the support of the metamodel. The outcome 
would be a mapping of CIDOC CRM, FRBRoo and RiC. For me the main purpose 
of this exercise is to test and refine the metamodel. I have a hidden 
agenda in developing the metamodel: it aims to broaden the scope of 
documentation in museums and create a new concept for digital services 
for cultural heritage supported by a two-layer information architecture 
consisting of virtual collections and a narrative top layer. The slogans 
I have been using are "From Statements to Stories" and "From Linked Data 
to Linked Stories".

On 28.10.2016 16:47, Maria José de Melo Henriques de Almeida wrote:
> Dear all,
> I’m new to this list, not a native English speaker, so my apologies for
> any grammar errors in my messages (hopefully orthography is covered by
> auto-correct ☺)
> I’m an archaeologist recently arrived at the Portuguese National
> Archives where we are discussing the replacement of our actual
> information system  http://digitarq.arquivos.pt , based in a
> hierarchical model, by a new one on a relational model. I  have some
> experience of applying the CIDOC-CRM in museums and archeological
> datasets and it has been a challenge to model and explain the concept to
> my fellow archivists.
> Recently the International Council on Archives (ICA) released a draft
> document
> <http://www.ica.org/en/call-comments-release-records-contexts-egad> that
> seems to go towards the CIDOC-CRM approach, even if it still tries to
> accommodate all the hierarchical  archival description concepts of their
> standards http://www.ica.org/en/public-resources/standards
> The document is now open to comments and I’d like to know if there was
> any collaboration between the CRM Special Interest Group and the ICA
> Experts Group on Archival Description (EGAD). And, if not, what is your
> opinion on joining the discussion of this draft document in order to
> bring this organizations together on the path of content integration for
> all cultural objects.
> Kind regards,
> *Maria José de Almeida*
> *Técnico Superior / DSIAE*
> * *
> Logo_DGLAB-2015-2016-MC-EMAIL
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