[Crm-sig] FRBRoo / CRM for prints?
r.stein at fotomarburg.de
Fri Jul 31 17:33:14 EEST 2015
Dear Christian-Emil, dear Martin,
Many thanks for your responses!
Our interest is indeed to understand the whole process of artistic
printing (firstly in early modern Europe), how the idea of a visual work
evolved in the process, what are the relationships between the various
(conceptual and physical) objects involved in the process.
Making a printing plate always starts with a drawing which may either be
a copy of an existing visual work, a painting, or may be intentionally
designed for a print, either by the printmaker or by another artist. In
German language we typically use in documentation the roles "Inventor"
and "Stecher", according to the Latin "INVENIT" and "FECIT" which one
can often find in inscriptions (see e.g. engravings by Marcantonio
Raimondi with inscription "RAPHA URBI INVEN / MAF" - Raphael invented it
/ Marcantonio fecit = Marcantonio made it). Then, the same visual idea
may be realized in several printing plates. Then, we have prints from
different states of this same printing plate, and they are sometimes
considered as a new visual work, sometimes just as modification. In
order to limit the number of copies a printing plate may be scratched.
If we are lucky the printing plate still exists somewhere but obviously
in its last state, and earlier states are only known through the prints.
Then prints may be compiled into series and so on.
As we are dealing with multiples we wonder if FRBRoo is appropriate to
approach this, our questions include:
- Should we consider multiple realizations of the same drawing in
various printing plates as multiple F2 Expression (F24 Publication
Expression) of the same F1 Work (F14 Individual Work)? Or are they all
- Should we consider different states of one printing plate as F3
Manifestation Product Type?
- How to reflect the different states of the printing plate as "used
specific object" in E12 Production?
- Analysis of what is typically recorded in the documentation in a
museum holding one (or multiple) print(s): which information pertains to
the Work / Expression (e.g. the subject / P62 depicts), which to the
printing plate / F3 Manifestation Product Type (e.g. the state), which
to the actual museum object / F4 Item?
We are grateful for further comments on this, and will certainly be back
to the group as we move on.
Btw, the AAT of course differentiates
"prints (visual works)" -> http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300041273
- or more specifically "engravings (prints)" ->
"printing plates" -> http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300022755
as well as the process of "engraving (printing process)" ->
Am 30.07.2015 um 21:58 schrieb martin:
> Dear Regine,
> There has been an implicit discussion in the CRM about prints as
> production with particular tools.
> E12 Production
> §Rembrandt’s creating of the seventh state of his etching “Woman
> sitting half dressed beside a stove”, 1658, identified by Bartsch
> Number 197 (E12,E65,E81)
> So, the print plate undergoes "transformations" and implies the
> creation of an information object being present on the plate(s) and
> the prints, or, in more creative techniques, the information content
> of the plate is "incorporated" in the prints.
> The print plate is "used specific object" in the printing process, but
> a specialization of E12 may be adequate to fix the
> specific kind of use and its consequences of information transfer to
> the copies.
> We are also discussing a generalization of
> F32 Carrier Production Event
> Subclass of:E12 <#_E12_Production_>Production
> Scope note:This class comprises activities that result in instances of
> F54 Utilized Information Carrier coming into existence. Both the
> production of a series of physical objects (printed books, scores,
> CDs, DVDs, CD-ROMS, etc.) and the creation of a new copy of a file on
> an electronic carrier are regarded as instances of F32 Carrier
> Production Event.
> Typically, the production of copies of a publication (no matter
> whether it is a book, a sound recording, a DVD, a cartographic
> resource, etc.) strives to produce items all as similar as possible to
> a prototype that displays all the features that all the copies of the
> publication should also display, which is reflected in property /R27
> used as source material/ F24 Publication Expression.
> into industrial production, of cars, tools, coins and whatever.
> Artistic prints with limited copies etc may not be regarded as
> producing "things of type XXX".
> A CRM extension into the world of artitstic printing may be interesting.
> If its only about using AAT vocabulary, Christian-Emil's remark's
> should be sufficient.
> I do not know if the AAT differentiates the plate as museum object
> from the copy.
> All the best,
> On 30/7/2015 9:48 μμ, Christian-Emil Smith Ore wrote:
>> Hi Regine
>> If I understand AAT correctly, it is a thesaurus and is as such a hierarchy of concepts and can be seen as a incarnation of a hierarchy under the E55 Type.
>> In a CRM/FRBRoo context a print is a physical object (one of the items of a series), for instance a lithography, a paper carrying an image or more. A lithography would usually be given the AAT type 'print' (or belong to this type/be a member of the set of objects that can be said to belong to the hypothetical set of all prints).
>> This may not be what you have in mind?
>>> -----Original Message-----
>>> From: Crm-sig [mailto:crm-sig-bounces at ics.forth.gr] On Behalf Of Stein,
>>> Sent: Thursday, July 30, 2015 3:06 PM
>>> To:crm-sig at ics.forth.gr;frbr-crm at ics.forth.gr
>>> Cc: Gudrun Knaus
>>> Subject: [Crm-sig] FRBRoo / CRM for prints?
>>> Did anybody go into depth with FRBRoo / CRM modelling or mapping for
>>> prints (visual works) (->http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300041273 ;-)) , or can
>>> point us to respective work on this kind of material?
>>> Regine Stein, Dipl.-Math.
>>> Leiterin Informationstechnik
>>> Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für Kunstgeschichte Bildarchiv Foto
>>> Biegenstraße 11
>>> D-35037 Marburg
>>> Tel.: +49 (0) 6421 2823666
>>> Fax: +49 (0) 6421 2828931
>>> r.stein at fotomarburg.de
>>> www.fotomarburg.de |www.bildindex.de
>>> Crm-sig mailing list
>>> Crm-sig at ics.forth.gr
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Regine Stein, Dipl.-Math.
Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für Kunstgeschichte
Bildarchiv Foto Marburg
Tel.: +49 (0) 6421 2823666
Fax: +49 (0) 6421 2828931
r.stein at fotomarburg.de
www.fotomarburg.de | www.bildindex.de
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