[Crm-sig] FRBRoo / CRM for prints?

Regine Stein r.stein at fotomarburg.de
Mon Aug 3 11:23:15 EEST 2015

Apparently my message didn't pass through on Friday (since it was too 
big, apparently due to the citations of E12 and F32 in Martin's email, I 
removed them now) so I try it again - best, Regine

-------- Weitergeleitete Nachricht --------
Betreff: 	Re: [Crm-sig] FRBRoo / CRM for prints?
Datum: 	Fri, 31 Jul 2015 16:33:14 +0200
Von: 	Stein, Regine <r.stein at fotomarburg.de>
An: 	crm-sig at ics.forth.gr, frbr-crm at ics.forth.gr
Kopie (CC): 	Gudrun Knaus <gudrun.knaus at fotomarburg.de>

Dear Christian-Emil, dear Martin,

Many thanks for your responses!

Our interest is indeed to understand the whole process of artistic 
printing (firstly in early modern Europe), how the idea of a visual work 
evolved in the process, what are the relationships between the various 
(conceptual and physical) objects involved in the process.

Making a printing plate always starts with a drawing which may either be 
a copy of an existing visual work, a painting, or may be intentionally 
designed for a print, either by the printmaker or by another artist. In 
German language we typically use in documentation the roles "Inventor" 
and "Stecher", according to the Latin "INVENIT" and "FECIT" which one 
can often find in inscriptions (see e.g. engravings by Marcantonio 
Raimondi with inscription "RAPHA URBI INVEN / MAF" - Raphael invented it 
/ Marcantonio fecit = Marcantonio made it). Then, the same visual idea 
may be realized in several printing plates. Then, we have prints from 
different states of this same printing plate, and they are sometimes 
considered as a new visual work, sometimes just as modification. In 
order to limit the number of copies a printing plate may be scratched.  
If we are lucky the printing plate still exists somewhere but obviously 
in its last state, and earlier states are only known through the prints. 
Then prints may be compiled into series and so on.

As we are dealing with multiples we wonder if FRBRoo is appropriate to 
approach this, our questions include:
- Should we consider multiple realizations of the same drawing in 
various printing plates as multiple F2 Expression (F24 Publication 
Expression) of the same F1 Work (F14 Individual Work)? Or are they all 
different works?
- Should we consider different states of one printing plate as F3 
Manifestation Product Type?
- How to reflect the different states of the printing plate as "used 
specific object" in E12 Production?
- Analysis of what is typically recorded in the documentation in a 
museum holding one (or multiple) print(s): which information pertains to 
the Work / Expression (e.g. the subject /  P62 depicts), which to the 
printing plate / F3 Manifestation Product Type (e.g. the state), which 
to the actual museum object / F4 Item?

We are grateful for further comments on this, and will certainly be back 
to the group as we move on.

Btw, the AAT of course differentiates
"prints (visual works)" -> http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300041273
  - or more specifically "engravings (prints)" -> 
"printing plates" -> http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300022755
as well as the process of "engraving (printing process)" -> 

Best wishes

Am 30.07.2015 um 21:58 schrieb martin:
> Dear Regine,
> There has been an implicit discussion in the CRM about prints as 
> production with particular tools.
> see:
> E12 Production
> [...]
> §Rembrandt’s creating of the seventh state of his etching “Woman 
> sitting half dressed beside a stove”, 1658, identified by Bartsch 
> Number 197 (E12,E65,E81)
> So, the print plate undergoes "transformations" and implies the 
> creation of an information object being present on the plate(s) and 
> the prints, or, in more creative techniques, the information content 
> of the plate is "incorporated" in the prints.
> The print plate is "used specific object" in the printing process, but 
> a specialization of E12 may be adequate to fix the
> specific kind of use and its consequences of information transfer to 
> the copies.
> We are also discussing a generalization of
> F32 Carrier Production Event
> [...]
> into industrial production, of cars, tools, coins and whatever.
> Artistic prints with limited copies etc may not be regarded as 
> producing "things of type XXX".
> A CRM extension into the world of artitstic printing may be interesting.
> If its only about using AAT vocabulary, Christian-Emil's remark's 
> should be sufficient.
> I do not know if the AAT differentiates the plate as museum object 
> from the copy.
> All the best,
> Martin
> On 30/7/2015 9:48 μμ, Christian-Emil Smith Ore wrote:
>> Hi Regine
>> If I understand AAT correctly, it is a thesaurus and is as such a hierarchy of concepts and can be seen as a incarnation of a hierarchy under the E55 Type.
>> In a CRM/FRBRoo context a print is a physical object (one of the items of  a series), for instance a lithography, a  paper carrying an image  or more. A lithography would usually  be given the AAT type 'print'  (or belong to this type/be a member of the set of objects that can be said to belong to the hypothetical set of all prints).
>> This may not be what you have in mind?
>> Regards,
>> Christian-Emil
>>> -----Original Message-----
>>> From: Crm-sig [mailto:crm-sig-bounces at ics.forth.gr] On Behalf Of Stein,
>>> Regine
>>> Sent: Thursday, July 30, 2015 3:06 PM
>>> To:crm-sig at ics.forth.gr;frbr-crm at ics.forth.gr
>>> Cc: Gudrun Knaus
>>> Subject: [Crm-sig] FRBRoo / CRM for prints?
>>> Hi,
>>> Did anybody go into depth with FRBRoo / CRM modelling or mapping for
>>> prints (visual works) (->http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300041273  ;-)) , or can
>>> point us to respective work on this kind of material?
>>> Thanks!
>>> Regine

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