[Crm-sig] Vocabulary Mapping Framework (including the CIDOC CRM) to be published in November
Synapse Computing Oy
info at synapse-computing.com
Mon Jul 13 16:24:46 EEST 2009
Find below an announcement about a mapping initiative that I believe will be of interest to us.
VMF project announcement: June 15th 2009
Major content metadata vocabularies to be mapped
Work is under way to create an extensive and authoritative mapping of
vocabularies from major content metadata standards, creating a downloadable tool
to support interoperability across communities.
The work is an expansion of the existing RDA/ONIX Framework into a
comprehensive vocabulary of resource relators and categories, which will be a
superset of those used in major standards from the publisher/producer, education
and bibliographic/heritage communities (CIDOC CRM; DCMI; DDEX; DOI; FRBR;
MARC21; LOM; ONIX; RDA – see reference section below for details).
The resulting tool will be known as the Vocabulary Mapping Framework (VMF).
The new vocabulary is not intended as a replacement for any existing standards,
but as an aid to interoperability, whether automatic or human-mediated. The
expanded Framework will include mappings of terms from code lists or allowed
value sets in the existing standards to the RDA/ONIX vocabulary, enabling the
computation of “best fit” mappings between any pairing of standards.
The results of the VMF project will be formally presented at an event at the British
Library on the morning of November 9th this year, and made available on the Web.
The project, which is largely financed by a grant from the UK Joint Information
Systems Committee (JISC), is being carried out by Godfrey Rust and Steffen Lindek
of Rightscom and Gordon Dunsire, Depute Director of the Centre for Digital Library
Research at Strathclyde University in Glasgow, Scotland, with input from other
domain experts. A virtual Advisory Group drawn from interested parties is being
The International DOI Foundation, which fully endorses this work, will provide the
web hosting facility as part of its commitment to promoting the wider use of
interoperable metadata, and will use the mapping vocabulary wherever possible to
support the association of metadata with DOI names.
The existing RDA/ONIX Framework (which currently supports categorization of
resource content and carriers) will be extended to support: works; parties; relators
between resources, and relators between parties and resources.
ISO TC46/SC9 identifiers (ISBN, etc) are also among those standards which may be
reviewed to support formal concept analysis, and some may be included in the
Framework in future.
The intent is that the Framework will be maintained on an ongoing basis and that
new vocabularies, standard or proprietary, may be added by interested parties.
The work will result in:
· a mapping of vocabularies from the source standards to support the building
of crosswalks and transformations between any of them;
· a definitive reference set which editors can draw on when creating and
· a downloadable RDF/OWL ontology to support the interchange of metadata
content between these major standards, which will be useful to enable
automated reuse of metadata from different sources and schemas, to
improve the quality and access and reduce the cost of metadata;
· a governance scheme to oversee further development.
The vocabulary and mappings will be captured and made available in humanreadable
tabular form as well as in RDF/OWL.
It is hoped that further phases of the project will deliver:
· support for the automatic generation of term-to-term mappings between
any pair of mapped schemes;
· an operational framework maintained on a web host, with mechanisms for
additions to existing vocabularies and the addition of new vocabularies.
The RDA/ONIX framework categorizes resources in all media that could support the
needs of libraries and the publishing industry, and builds on successful standards
from the book publishing community (ONIX) and the library world (RDA: Resource
Description and Access for the digital world, built on the foundation established for
the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules). It builds on the principles of
interoperability established in the indecs Content Model.
Mark Bide, the Executive Director of EDItEUR (the global trade standards
organisation supporting electronic commerce in the book and serials sectors, and
responsible for the ONIX family of standards) said of the VMF: "We have every
reason to be grateful to both the JISC and the IDF for providing the resources to
make this project possible. There has been an explosion of metadata standards in
the media over the last 15 or 20 years. The requirement for metadata and identifier
interoperability across the boundaries between different media sectors and between
schemes developed within individual sectors to meet different demands was
recognised in the <indecs> project very nearly a decade ago. Now, as we approach
the end of the first decade of the 21st Century, the growth in trading in content
online, and the reality of convergence between the media, has created a sense of
real urgency in the search for sophisticated interoperability solutions. The
Vocabulary Mapping Framework is an essential foundation stone in that
The Committee of Principals of RDA welcomed the VMF project with this statement:
“Semantic interoperability is a precondition to the efficient reuse of metadata
across sectors. The RDA/ONIX Framework for Resource Description created a
mechanism to facilitate transfer of resource description metadata between two
communities. This initiative will not only extend the Framework to encompass
other communities, but also broaden its scope by mapping additional vocabularies.
JISC and IDF are to be commended for their support of this important initiative.”
Godfrey Rust, Rightscom (godfrey.rust at rightscom.com)
Gordon Dunsire, University of Strathclyde (g.dunsire at strath.ac.uk)
Norman Paskin, IDF (n.paskin at tertius.ltd.uk)
Alastair Dunning, JISC (a.dunning at jisc.ac.uk)
CIDOC is the international focus for the documentation interests of museums and similar organisations.
The CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM) is an ISO standard which provides definitions and a
formal structure for describing the implicit and explicit concepts and relationships used in cultural
The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) is an open organization engaged in the development of
interoperable online metadata standards that support a broad range of purposes and business models.
The Digital Data Exchange (DDEX) was established to develop a single set of standard XML messages
for the business-to-business communication of information between organisations operating in the digital
content value chain, principally for recorded music.
The Digital Object Identifier (DOI®) System is a managed system for persistent identification of
content on digital networks. It can be used to identify physical, digital, or abstract entities.
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) is a conceptual entity-relationship model
developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) that relates
user tasks of retrieval and access in online library catalogues and bibliographic databases from a user’s
The <indecs> project6 was created to address the need, in the digital environment, to put different
creation identifiers and their supporting metadata into a framework where they could operate side by
side, especially to support the management of intellectual property rights.
The JISC is a joint body of the UK Higher and Further Education Funding Councils. It was established to
support the further and higher education sectors in the use of information communications technology
(ICT). It does this by providing a network service and by funding ICT development and services that
support learning, teaching and research.
The IEEE's Learning Object Metadata (LOM) is an international standard way of describing reusable
learning resources, sometimes known as "learning objects".
MARC 21 formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related
information in machine-readable form. The MARC 21 formats are maintained by the Library of Congress
in consultation with various user communities.
The ONIX for Books Product Information Message is the international standard for representing and
communicating book industry product information in electronic form, and is the most established of a
group of ONIX standards which also cover serial publications and publishing licensing terms.
Resource Description and Access (RDA) is a standard for bibliographic resource description and access
designed for the digital world providing a comprehensive set of guidelines and instructions on resource
description and access covering all types of content and media.
The RDA/ONIX Framework is a vocabulary matrix developed by a joint working group in late 2006 as a
tool for creating well-formed and interoperable vocabularies for the library and content-provider
RDF and OWL are Semantic Web standards that provide a framework for asset management,
enterprise integration and the sharing and reuse of data on the Web.
Rightscom is a consultancy that specialises in the provision of solutions for the management, trading
and protection of digital content and intellectual property rights in the network environment.
Synapse Computing Oy, Arabiankatu 2, 00560 Helsinki
info at synapse-computing.com
+358-9-8569 9696 puh/tel
+358-9-8569 9595 fax
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